Created by sebastien.popoff on 14/12/2020


Time reversed optical waves by arbitrary vector spatiotemporal field generation

[M. Mounaix et al., Nat. Commun., 11 (2020)]

Time-reversal allows precisely tailoring the spatio-temporal field and was originally demonstrated in acoustics. Time-reversal requires to temporally modulate the optical field independently over a large number of pixels, which is challenging in optical experiments. In the present paper, the authors developed a system allowing the modulation of the optical field spectrally and spatially over a 2d array. Harnessing this new tool, they perform a time-reversal experiment to focus and shape the optical field temporally and spatially through a multimode fiber.

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Created by admin on 13/11/2020


Image reconstruction through unknown random configurations of multimode fibers using deep learning

[S. Resisi et al, arxiv, 2011.05144 (2020)]

Multimode fibers tend to scramble input images due to intermodal dispersion and random mode coupling. While this scrambling effect can be learned, for instance by measuring the transmission matrix of the fiber, slight changes of the geometrical conformation of the fiber modify its response, making the calibration obsolete. In the present paper, the authors use deep-learning using data sets acquired over a wide range of deformations to reconstruct images sent through unknown configurations of multimode fibers. This is possible thanks to the presence of invariant properties that the numerical model learns.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 05/11/2020

Tutorials Multimode fibers

Fast numerical estimations of axisymmetric multimode fibers modes

Estimating the propagation constants and the transverse mode profiles of multimode fibers is not as easy as it sounds. In our recent work we highlighted here, we needed to estimate the mode profiles for a standard graded-index fiber. It turned out that many standard approximations done in the literature to estimate the propagation constants do not give results accurate enough for the mode profile. The general approach we introduced in a previous tutorial to numerically find the fiber modes for any index profile using a 2D scalar finite differences approach is still valid. However, to provide accurate results, it needs a fine discretization of the space that leads to important memory and computational time requirements when the fiber core increases. If we consider an axisymmetric fiber, we can obtain a 1D formulation of the problem, that is unfortunately unstable under naive finite differences approaches. We detail here a stable formulation that leads to accurate and fast estimations of the mode profiles.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 02/11/2020


Learning and avoiding disorder in multimode fibers