Created by sebastien.popoff on 06/10/2020

Highlights

Model-based wavefront shaping microscopy

[A. Thendiyammal et al.,  Opt. Lett., 45 (2020)]

Wavefront shaping offers the possibility to increasing microscopic imaging depth. By learning how to focus deep inside a (not too) scattering medium, we also learn how to compensate for scattering effects around this area, allowing us to retrieve an image of this area. Typically, finding the wavefront that focuses light at a given target is done using a feedback optimization procedure, or by measuring the response of the system. In this paper, the authors propose another approach. They first create a model of the system thanks to some calibration measurements. The model is then used for finding the optical input wavefront that would be utilized for imaging at different depths. They experimentally demonstrate the advantage of this technique for two-photon fluorescent imaging through a low scattering medium.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 29/09/2020

Highlights Tutorials Spatial Light Modulators

Easy characterization of SLMs' phase deformation

[D. Marco et al., Opt. Lett., 45 (2020)]

Technical papers are important for the scientific community, it helps in particular to reproduce experimental setups. They are unfortunately not valued enough by scientific journals. I want today to highlight such a paper. Liquid crystals phase modulators - and indeed any kind of spatial light modulator (SLM) - are not free of imperfections. One effect that appears is a phase distortion of the reflected field due to spatial non-uniformities that occur during the fabrications. In practice, if you illuminate an SLM with a plane wave and you display a uniform mask, one does not end up with a plane wave, but an aberrated wavefront. In the present paper, the authors use a quite easy to implement technique to retrieve the phase distortion introduced by the SLM.

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Created by admin on 15/09/2020

Highlights

Real-time shaping of entangled photons by classical control and feedback

[O. Lib, G. Hasson and Y. Bromberg, Sci. Adv. 6 (2020)]

Wavefront shaping offers the possibility to compensate for the effect of propagation through heterogeneous media. However, when using a single or a few photons, the feedback signal is typically too weak to allow real-time wavefront shaping applications, which limits applications for quantum communications using entangled photons. In this paper from the team of Yaron Bromberg at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the authors overcome this challenge by using as feedback the classical signal of the pump that follows the same path as the entangled photon. It allows adapting in real-time the pump wavefront to compensate for the aberrations/scattering introduced by a heterogeneous dynamic sample.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 08/09/2020

Highlights

Controlling multimode laser modes using wavefront shaping inside the cavity

[X. Wei et al., Light Sci. Appl., 9 (2020)]

Multimode cavity lasers, such as multimode fiber lasers, are attractive for the opportunity they offer to generate high energy pulsed lasers, provided that one can achieve spatiotemporal mode-locking. However, it can be complicated to control the laser properties as 1) spatiotemporal dispersion, nonlinearity, gain and loss can nonlinearly interact, and 2) dispersion and mode coupling in such a system are difficult to predict or control. In a typical wavefront shaping experiment, one modulates the output of a laser beam, which can come at the cost of a significant energy loss, and only allows to control the spatial profile of the beam. In this paper, the authors use a spatial light modulator, but inside the laser cavity to modulate its boundary conditions. Using a genetic algorithm, they are able to efficiently control the laser properties, namely the output power, the output mode profile, the optical spectrum, and mode-locking.

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