Created by sebastien.popoff on 04/07/2020

Highlights

Endoscopy combining photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging with a small footprint

 

[S. Mezil et al., arxiv, 2006.10856 (2020)]

Achieving optical-resolution photoacoustic imaging can currently only be obtained using endoscopy. It usually implies a quite bulky endoscope and/or a low signal-to-noise detection. In this paper, the authors present a technique that combines wavefront shaping through a multimode fiber, to scan the focus spot, with a single-mode fiber-based ultrasound sensor to achieve a high signal-to-noise with a small footprint (250 by 125 microns).

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 24/10/2019

Highlights

All-fiber wavefront shaping by transmission matrix engineering

[S. Resisi et al., APL Photonics, 5 (2020)]

In the past 10 years, many applications were successfully demonstrated for wavefront shaping in multimode fibers, from endoscopic to telecommunications through optical tweezers. However, these techniques require to modulate the incident field using free space modulators. In the present paper, S. Resisi and co-authors introduce a new approach that relies on modulating the transmission matrix itself by applying changes that modify its boundary conditions. Using an all-fiber apparatus, focusing light at the distal end of the fiber and conversion between fiber modes is demonstrated. Since in this approach the number of degrees of control can be larger than the number of fiber modes, it allows simultaneous control over multiple inputs and multiple wavelengths.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 13/05/2019

Highlights

The speckle-correlation transmission matrix

[K. Lee and Y. Park, Nat. Commun, 7 (2016)]

[Y. Baek, K. Lee and Y. Park, Phys. Rev. Appl., 7 (2016)]

[L. Gong, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, X.-Y. Hu, K. Huang, J.-M. Yang and Y.-M. Li, Light Sci. Appl., 8 (2019)]

Measuring the optical phase is a ubiquitous challenge in optics. Through a linear scattering medium, one can always link the output optical field to the input one using the transmission matrix. However, one still has to measure the phase of the complex output field. In [K. Lee and Y. Park, Nat. Commun, 7 (2016)] the authors introduce a technique to reconstruct a complex optical field using a thin diffuser. Once the matrix is calibrated, only an intensity measurement is required to reconstruct the amplitude and the phase of the complex optical field.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 15/04/2019

Highlights

Wavefront shaping in complex media for analog computation

[M. W. Matthès et al., Optica, 6 (2019)]

Performing linear operations using optical devices is a crucial building block in many fields ranging from telecommunications to optical analog computation and machine learning. For many of these applications, key requirements are robustness to fabrication inaccuracies, reconfigurability, and scalability. Traditionally, the conformation or the structure of the medium is optimized in order to perform a given desired operation. Since the advent of wavefront shaping, we know that the complexity of a given operation can be shifted toward the engineering of the wavefront, allowing, for example, to use any random medium as a lens.

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