Created by sebastien.popoff on 25/08/2020

Highlights

Using prior information for speeding up the measurement of fiber transmission matrices

[S. Li et al., arxiv, 2007.15891, (2020)]

Due to disorder and dispersion, knowing the transmission matrix of a multimode fiber is usually required to reconstruct an input image for endoscopic applications. In the general case, its characterization for a fiber allowing \(N\) guided modes requires at least \(N\) complex measurements. However, we usually have additional information, the most common one being that the matrix is never totally random, and usually sparse, when expressed in the mode basis. In this study, the authors use such prior information to reduce drastically the number of measurements for the transmission matrix estimation using the framework of compressed sensing. They demonstrate the validity of such an approach for endoscopic imaging through multimode fibers.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 18/08/2020

Highlights

Taking advantage of imperfections to focus light in photonic crystals inside the stop gap

[R. Uppu et al., arxiv, 2007.11104v1 (2020)]

Photonic crystals have the ability to forbid the entrance of light for certain ranges of frequencies, that is even the usual reason why we build them. Within the spatial frequency range for which the stop band of a given photonic crystal exists, modulation of the input wavefront should not dramatically modify the penetration of light, which exhibits an exponential decay. In this paper, R. Uppu and collaborators from the University of Twente demonstrate that it is indeed possible to drastically change the penetration properties of light inside a photonic crystal by optimizing the wavefront taking advantage of unavoidable sources of disorder. They experimentally show the focusing of light inside such crystal beyond the expected maximal penetration length - the Bragg length.

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Created by sebastien.popoff on 11/08/2020

Job offers

Postdoctoral position at the Langevin Institute

Wavefront shaping and study of light propagation in disordered multimode fibers

We are recruiting a postdoc for 1+ year(s) to work on the study of light propagation in multimode fibers for telecommunication applications using wavefront shaping. Join un in Paris!

Contact: Sébastien Popoff - sebastien.popoff(at)espci.fr

More information here.

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Created by hugo.defienne on 10/08/2020

Highlights

Unscrambling entanglement through a complex medium

[N. H. Valencia, S. Goel, W. McCutcheon, H. Defienne and M. Malik, Nature Physics (2020)]

Quantum properties of light may enable unconditionally secure optical communications. In this respect, high-dimensional entangled states offer a way of exceeding the limitations of current approaches to quantum communication (e.g. larger information capacity and increased noise resilience). For example, the orbital angular momentum of photons was first used to establish high-dimensional quantum key distribution (HD-QKD) protocols in free-space, but with a limited range due to diffraction and the presence of atmospheric turbulence. Alternatively, multimode optical fibers (MMF) can be used to transport information encoded in parallel across many modes over large distances, and with limited losses. However, the complex mode mixing process occurring during light propagation through the fiber scrambles the encoded information, making it unusable by the receiver. In their work, N. H. Valencia and co-workers demonstrate the transport of six-dimensional spatial-mode entanglement through a 2m-long commercial MMF, by compensating the random mode mixing effect using a transmission matrix-based wavefront-shaping technique. Such an ability to certify the presence of high-dimensional entanglement between two parties (Alice and Bob) is an essential step towards the implementation of practical HD-QKD protocols in optical fibers.

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