Created by sebastien.popoff on 26/05/2019
## Compare Different Methods of Modes Estimation of Bent Multimode Fibers with pyMMFIn a previous tutorial, I explained how to calculate the modes of a bent multimode fibers. I introduced two methods, following the approach published in [M. Plöschner, T. Tyc, and T. Čižmár, Nat. Photon. (2015)]. In this short tutorial, I show how to use pyMMF to simulate bent fibers and compare the two different methods. A Jupyter notebook can be found on my Github account: compare_bending_methods.ipynb. |

Created by sebastien.popoff on 22/05/2019
## Semidefinite Programming for Intensity Only Estimation of the Transmission Matrix
The possibility of measuring the transmission matrix using intensity only measurements is a much sought-after feature as it allows us not to rely on interferometry. Interferometry usually requires laboratory-grade stability difficult to obtain for real-world applications. Typically, we want to be able to retrieve the transmission matrix from a set of pairs composed of input masks and output intensity patterns. However, this problem, which corresponds to a phase-retrieval problem, is not convex, hence difficult to solve using standard techniques. The idea proposed in [I. Waldspurger |

Created by sebastien.popoff on 19/05/2019
## Complex-Valued Neural Networks for Physics Applications## An implementation in PyTorch
Artificial neural networks are mainly used for treating data encoded in real values, such as digitized images or sounds. In such systems, using complex-valued tensors would be quite useless. This is however different for physic related topics. When dealing with wave propagation in particular, using complex values is interesting since the physics typically has linear, hence more simple, behavior when considering complex fields. This is sometimes true even when the inputs and the outputs of the system are real values. For instance, consider a complex media that you excite using an amplitude modulator, such as a DMD (Digital Micromirror Device) and you measure the output intensity. You manipulate only real values, but if you want to characterize the system, you have to keep in mind that the phase is a hidden variable as the effect of propagation is represented by the multiplication by a complex matrix on the optical field. |

Created by sebastien.popoff on 25/02/2019
## pyMMF: Simulating Multimode Fibers in Python## Part 1: Step Index BenchmarkI recently published a two-part tutorial on how to find the modes of an arbitrary multimode fiber without or with bending. Based on this tutorial, I published a (still experimental) version of a Python module to find the modes of multimode fibers and calculate their transmission matrix: pyMMF. The goal of this module is not to compete with commercial solutions in terms of precision but to provide a way to easily simulate realistic fiber systems. To validate the approach, I use step-index multimode fibers as a benchmark test as the dispersion relation is analytically known (see my tutorial here) and for which the Linearly Polarized (LP) mode approximation yields good results. I focus my attention here on the precision of the numerically found propagation constants. |